• 国連ジュネーブ事務局ホームページ「プレスリリース」より(とくに断りなき場合は、以降の当第35回セッションに関するエントリも同様)、会議要約 HRC17/071E を抄訳。

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  • アル・フセイン人権高等弁務官北朝鮮と中国に言及。



Hears Statements by the President of Uruguay and the High Commissioner for Human Rights

6 June 2017

The Human Rights Council this morning opened its thirty-fifth regular session, hearing an address by Tabaré Vázquez, President of Uruguay, and an update by Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, on the situation of human rights worldwide and on the activities of his office.
今朝の人権理事会は、第三十五回定例セッションを開き、全世界的な人権状況に関するタバレ・バスケスウルグアイ大統領の演説と、彼の事務所の活動に関するゼイド・ラアド・アル・フセイン国連人権高等弁務官による報告を聞く 。


Statement by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

The High Commissioner contested the self-serving argument presented by some that the Council should avoid addressing country situations, a view which was usually voiced by leaders of States that featured few independent institutions, and which sharply curtailed fundamental freedoms. The Governments of Belarus, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Eritrea, Israel and Iran had also rejected resolutions creating country-specific mandate holders for them, and consequently did not allow visits by those mandate holders. In the case of Syria, there had long been no access either for the High Commissioner’s Office or for the Syria Commission of Inquiry, and he repeated his call for the release of all detainees wrongfully imprisoned in Syria. Last month the Democratic People's Republic of Korea did accept its first-ever Special Procedures visit, but given the extreme severity of reported violations in the country, that did not diminish the urgency of engagement with the country mandate holder and the High Commissioner’s Office, including its field-based structure in Seoul.

Myanmar had been providing access to the country mandate-holder, but specific locations requested were often off-limits, he observed, urging the Government to cooperate fully with the recently established independent Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar, including full and unmonitored access to Rakhine state, where it was believed the violations of human rights had been horrifying in the extreme. After 10 years of no visits by mandate-holders, Cuba had accepted a mission by the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons. China had invited four Special Procedures mandate holders to the country in the past seven years but those missions had faced challenges with regard to the necessary freedom of movement and access to independent civil society. In contrast, several States had devoted considerable efforts to cooperating with mandate holders, facilitating more than five country visits in the past five years: Australia, Brazil, Chile, Georgia, Italy, Mexico, Tunisia and the United States, where it remained essential to enable access for the Special Rapporteur on torture to the Guantanamo Bay detention centre. Australia, a candidate for membership of the Council, had not given access to all detention centres for migrants and despite multiple recommendations, the situation at centres in Nauru and Manus had not been adequately addressed.

When a State became a party to an international human rights treaty, this was a commitment to its own people; reporting procedures were not optional. Yet reports by 74 States had been overdue for a decade or longer, and as many as 280 initial reports had never been submitted. The treaties with the highest proportion of States parties not complying with reporting obligations were the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment; and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Sixty-five States that had ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography had failed to report to it. Almost 30 per cent of States parties had not submitted their initial report to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Only 33 States were fully up to date with their Treaty Body reporting: Australia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bhutan, Canada, China, Cook Islands, Denmark, Ecuador, France, Holy See, Honduras, Italy, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Montenegro, Niue, Oman, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Singapore, Sweden, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uruguay and Uzbekistan.